Profiles

Ethel Maud Carroll Parmiter (1884-1940)

Life events
 
Birth 16 Feb 1884 • Prospect, South Australia, Australia1Jan Thomas (ed.), South Australian births, index of registrations 1842 to 1906, Adelaide, South … Continue reading
Baptised 1 Jun 1884 • Adelaide, South Australia, Australia2”Australia Births and Baptisms, 1792-1981”, database, Ethel Maude Carroll, 1 June 1884, Holy … Continue reading
Married 8 Dec 1904 • Adelaide, South Australia, Australia3Marriage Certificate of Arthur Philip Parmiter and Ethel Maud Carroll, 8 December 1904, Registrar … Continue reading 4South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, South Australian marriages: registrations 1842 to … Continue reading
Died 26 Oct 1940 • Northfield, South Australia, Australia5Death Certificate of Ethel Maude Parmiter, 26 October 1940, Registrar of Births Deaths and … Continue reading 6South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society and A. L. Cobiac, South Australian deaths: … Continue reading 7Find A Grave, database and images … Continue reading
Buried 28 Oct 1940 • Cheltenham, South Australia, Australia8 “Cheltenham Cemetery South Australia Burial Register 1876-1987”, microfiche, South Australian … Continue reading 9Adelaide Cemeteries Authority, Records, http://www.aca.sa.gov.au/Records, accessed 24 December 2019. 10Find A Grave, database and images … Continue reading


Biography
 
Ethel was the daughter of David Carroll (c.1858-1930) and Elizabeth Gates (1862-1931). She was born 16 February 1884 at Prospect and baptised 1 June 1884 at Holy Trinity Church, Adelaide.11Jan Thomas (ed.), South Australian births, index of registrations 1842 to 1906, Adelaide, South … Continue reading 12”Australia Births and Baptisms, 1792-1981”, database, Ethel Maude Carroll, 1 June 1884, Holy … Continue reading
 
On 8 December 1904, Ethel married Arthur Phillip Parmiter (1880-1971), the widower of her sister, Eva Elizabeth Carroll (1882-1903). They were wed at St Luke’s Church. Arthur’s sister Harriett Parmiter (1882-1960) was one of the witnesses.13Marriage Certificate of Arthur Philip Parmiter and Ethel Maud Carroll, 8 December 1904, Registrar … Continue reading 14South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, South Australian marriages: registrations 1842 to … Continue reading It may be assumed that the death of Eva brought the couple together in their grief. They were wed 14 months after the death of Eva and two weeks before the birth of their first child. Their descendants (with the exception of Mabel Grace Parmiter (1908-1914)) are privacy-protected.
 
Arthur enlisted to fight in the Great War on 15 January 1916.15This document was first accessed 19 December 2001 from the Australian War Memorial website … Continue reading 16Australian Government, “NAA: B2455, PARMITER ARTHUR PHILLIP”, National Archives of … Continue reading Their daughter, Mabel, had just died.17Death Certificate of Mabel Grace Parmiter, 2 January 1914, Registrar of Births Deaths and … Continue reading
 
After a training period at the Mitcham camp, Arthur left Australia on 28 April 1916 leaving Ethel grieving the loss of Mabel, with five small children, and heavily pregnant with their seventh child.18The Discovering Anzacs website has been down for some time. This reference will be updated when it … Continue reading On 11 March 1919 Ethel wrote to the Red Cross to ascertain the whereabouts of her husband and was advised that they had no knowledge of the date of his return and that she should monitor the lists of returning soldiers which appeared ‘at intervals’ in the newspapers.19South Australian Red Cross Information Bureau 1916-1919, “Arthur Phillip Parmiter”, … Continue reading Ethel finally received word of Arthur’s return on 27 March 1919 when the list of returning soldiers sailing on the Port Sydney was published in all the South Australian newspapers.20Anon., “Returning Soldiers”, The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA: 1889-1931), 27 March 1919, … Continue reading
 
Ethel’s presumed happiness over her husband’s imminent return may have been tempered by anxiety. It had been reported two days prior that the Port Sydney would be quarantined following a fatal case of small pox, ten cases of measles, but no cases of influenza.21Anon., “Infected Troopships”, The Register (Adelaide, SA: 1901-1929), 25 March 1919, p. … Continue reading When the ship docked at Fremantle on 31 March 1919 it was described as a ‘clean ship’. The Western Australian soldiers were not quarantined and there was no mention of South Australian soldiers expecting to be quarantined at this point.22Anon., “Returning Soldiers”, The West Australian (Bunbury, WA: 1879-1954), 1 April … Continue reading However, between the departure from Fremantle and the arrival at Outer Harbour (earlier than anticipated) on Saturday 5 April 1919, one person had died from what was suspected to be influenza ( bronchial pneumonia) which was initially treated as malaria.23Robert Roos, “Study: Bacterial pneumonia was main killer in 1918 flu pandemic”, CIDRAP … Continue reading 24G Dennis Shanks, “Simultaneous epidemics of influenza and malaria in the Australian Army in … Continue reading There were a total of three possible influenza cases with a further ten cases initially diagnosed as recurrent malaria. As a consequence, all the passengers were placed in quarantine on arrival and transferred to Torrens Island.25Anon., “Port Sydney Troops Quarantined”, The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA: … Continue reading 26David Buob, “Torrens Island Quarantine Station”, South Australian Medical Heritage … Continue reading Unfortunately, travel arrangements had been put in place for members of the public wishing to greet the returned soldiers (following the ‘clean ship’ approval in Fremantle) and there may have been a large contingent of family members, friends, and interested bystanders (including dignitaries and press) waiting to greet them.27Anon., “Port of Sydney Troops”, The Journal (Adelaide, SA: 1912-1923), 4 April 1919, p. … Continue reading Arthur and his fellow soldiers were released from quarantine on Sunday 13 April 1919.28Anon., “Anchises and Port Sydney”, The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA: 1867-1922), … Continue reading He completed his service and was discharged on 23 October 1919.29Australian Government, “NAA: B2455, PARMITER ARTHUR PHILLIP”, National Archives of … Continue reading
 
In the early years of their marriage and throughout the Great War, Ethel and Arthur lived at 17 Wright Court in Adelaide.30Marriage Certificate of Arthur Philip Parmiter and Ethel Maud Carroll, 8 December 1904, Registrar … Continue reading 31Birth Certificate of Mabel Grace Parmiter, 21 April 1908, Registrar of Births Deaths and Marriages, … Continue reading 32Death Certificate of Mabel Grace Parmiter, 2 January 1914, Registrar of Births Deaths and … Continue reading 33Anon., “Funeral Notices”, The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA: 1889 -1931), 3 January 1914, p. … Continue reading By 1939 they had moved to the western suburbs and were living at 116 Osborne Avenue in Kilkenny.34”Australia, Electoral Rolls, 1903-1980”, Ethel Maud Parmiter, 1939, Hindmarsh, South Australia, … Continue reading The following year they had moved around the corner to 24 Marlborough Avenue.35Death Certificate of Ethel Maude Parmiter, 26 October 1940, Registrar of Births Deaths and … Continue reading
 
Ethel died at the age of 56 on 26 October 1940. She had suffered from uterine cancer and was an inpatient at the Morris Hospital.36Death Certificate of Ethel Maude Parmiter, 26 October 1940, Registrar of Births Deaths and … Continue reading 37Find A Grave, database and images … Continue reading She was interred two days later at Cheltenham Cemetery. 38 “Cheltenham Cemetery South Australia Burial Register 1876-1987”, microfiche, South Australian … Continue reading 39Adelaide Cemeteries Authority, Records, http://www.aca.sa.gov.au/Records, accessed 24 December 2019. 40Find A Grave, database and images … Continue reading
 
To be continued…41This is a work in progress. Citations and family links are being batch-added to profiles.
 


External links
 
Ethel Maud Carroll at FamilySearch42The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “Ethel Maud Carroll”, FamilySearch, … Continue reading


References

↑ 1, 11. Jan Thomas (ed.), South Australian births, index of registrations 1842 to 1906, Adelaide, South Australia, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, 1997, p.445.
↑ 2, 12. ”Australia Births and Baptisms, 1792-1981”, database, Ethel Maude Carroll, 1 June 1884, Holy Trinity, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, data collected from various sources by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City, FHL microfilm 951,873, FamilySearch, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XT66-Q7R, accessed 23 December 2019.
↑ 3, 13, 30. Marriage Certificate of Arthur Philip Parmiter and Ethel Maud Carroll, 8 December 1904, Registrar of Births Deaths and Marriages, Adelaide, South Australia, District of Adelaide, 221/979, microfilm, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, accessed 2001.
↑ 4, 14. South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, South Australian marriages: registrations 1842 to 1916, CD-ROM, Adelaide, South Australia, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society and Hampton, Victoria, Macbeth Genealogical Services Pty Ltd, 2001.
↑ 5, 35, 36. Death Certificate of Ethel Maude Parmiter, 26 October 1940, Registrar of Births Deaths and Marriages, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, District of Port Adelaide, 629/4977, microfilm, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, accessed 2001.
↑ 6. South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society and A. L. Cobiac, South Australian deaths: registrations 1916 to 1972, CD-ROM, Adelaide, South Australia, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society and Hampton, Victoria, Macbeth Genealogical Services Pty Ltd, 2006.
↑ 7, 10, 37, 40. Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/154163066/ethel-maude-parmiter: accessed 24 December 2019), memorial page for Ethel Maude Carroll Parmiter (16 Feb 1884–26 Oct 1940), Find A Grave Memorial no. 154163066, citing Cheltenham Cemetery, Cheltenham, Charles Sturt City, South Australia, Australia; Maintained by Christina (contributor 46772328).
↑ 8, 38. “Cheltenham Cemetery South Australia Burial Register 1876-1987”, microfiche, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society.
↑ 9, 39. Adelaide Cemeteries Authority, Records, http://www.aca.sa.gov.au/Records, accessed 24 December 2019.
↑ 15. This document was first accessed 19 December 2001 from the Australian War Memorial website published on a now-defunct page: Australian War Memorial, “Arthur Philip Parmiter”, First World War Nominal Roll, https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/R2387411?image=1, accessed 25 December 2019.
↑ 16, 29. Australian Government, “NAA: B2455, PARMITER ARTHUR PHILLIP”, National Archives of Australia, https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=8005569, accessed 10 April 2007.
↑ 17, 32. Death Certificate of Mabel Grace Parmiter, 2 January 1914, Registrar of Births Deaths and Marriages, Adelaide, South Australia, District of Adelaide, 380/320, microfilm, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, accessed 2001.
↑ 18. The Discovering Anzacs website has been down for some time. This reference will be updated when it is back online.
↑ 19. South Australian Red Cross Information Bureau 1916-1919, “Arthur Phillip Parmiter”, State Library of South Australia, https://images.slsa.sa.gov.au/sarcib/SRG76_1_4890.pdf, accessed 24 December 2019.
↑ 20. Anon., “Returning Soldiers”, The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA: 1889-1931), 27 March 1919, p. 8, c. 6, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5640170, accessed 25 December 2019.
↑ 21. Anon., “Infected Troopships”, The Register (Adelaide, SA: 1901-1929), 25 March 1919, p. 5, c. 2, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60911931, accessed 25 December 2019.
↑ 22. Anon., “Returning Soldiers”, The West Australian (Bunbury, WA: 1879-1954), 1 April 1919, p. 5, c. 2, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27600182, accessed 25 December 2019.
↑ 23. Robert Roos, “Study: Bacterial pneumonia was main killer in 1918 flu pandemic”, CIDRAP – Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, 22 August 2008, http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2008/08/study-bacterial-pneumonia-was-main-killer-1918-flu-pandemic, accessed 25 December 2019.
↑ 24. G Dennis Shanks, “Simultaneous epidemics of influenza and malaria in the Australian Army in Palestine in 1918”, The Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 191, iss. 11, 2009, pp.654-57, https://www.mja.com.au/system/files/issues/191_11_071209/sha10597_fm.pdf, accessed 25 December 2019.
↑ 25. Anon., “Port Sydney Troops Quarantined”, The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA: 1867-1922), 7 April 1919, p. 2, c. 4, 5 o’clock edition, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article210590491, accessed 25 December 2019.
↑ 26. David Buob, “Torrens Island Quarantine Station”, South Australian Medical Heritage Society Inc, https://www.samhs.org.au/Virtual%20Museum/hospital-andother-orgs/Torrens_Island_Quarantine/Torrens_Island_Quarantine.html, accessed 25 December 2019.
↑ 27. Anon., “Port of Sydney Troops”, The Journal (Adelaide, SA: 1912-1923), 4 April 1919, p. 1, c. 4, Special Sports Edition, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article213260361, accessed 25 December 2019.
↑ 28. Anon., “Anchises and Port Sydney”, The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA: 1867-1922), 11 April 1919, p. 1, c. 9, five o’clock edition, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article210590835, accessed 25 December 2019.
↑ 31. Birth Certificate of Mabel Grace Parmiter, 21 April 1908, Registrar of Births Deaths and Marriages, Adelaide, South Australia, District of Adelaide, 801/233, microfilm, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, accessed 2001.
↑ 33. Anon., “Funeral Notices”, The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA: 1889 -1931), 3 January 1914, p. 2, c. 6, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5401599, accessed 25 December 2019.
↑ 34. ”Australia, Electoral Rolls, 1903-1980”, Ethel Maud Parmiter, 1939, Hindmarsh, South Australia, Australia; digital image, Ancestry; Australian Electoral Commission; p. 200, https://www.ancestry.com.au/search/collections/1207/, accessed 29 July 2020.
↑ 41. This is a work in progress. Citations and family links are being batch-added to profiles.
↑ 42. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “Ethel Maud Carroll”, FamilySearch, n.d., updated 29 July 2020, https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/2T15-54S, accessed 29 July 2020.