Profiles

Joseph Gates (1812-1880)

No excerpt.
Life events
 
Birth 1812 • Chelmsford, Essex, England1Government of New South Wales, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, ...continue 4New South Wales Government, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842’, ...continue 2Anon., “Died” The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA: 1858-1889) 9 July 1880, p. ...continue
Married 21 August 1834 • Narellan, Cumberland, New South Wales, Australia3Marriage Certificate of Joseph Gates and Nancy McNemany, 21 August 1834, NSW Registry of Births ...continue 5’New South Wales, Australia, Registers of Convicts’ Applications to Marry, ...continue
Married 4 March 1864 • Adelaide, South Australia, Australia6A.L. Cobiac (ed.), South Australian marriages, index of registrations 1842 to 1916, Adelaide, South ...continue
Died 3 July 1880 • Carey Gully, South Australia, Australia7South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society and Macbeth Genealogical Services, South Australian ...continue 8Anon., “Died” The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA: 1858-1889) 9 July 1880, p. ...continue


Biography
 
Joseph was the son of Thomas Gates.9A.L. Cobiac (ed.), South Australian marriages, index of registrations 1842 to 1916, Adelaide, South ...continue He was also known as Thomas.10Home Office, ‘England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892’, Joseph Gates, Lent ...continue 11Home Office, ‘Australian Convict Transportation Registers – Other Fleets & Ships, ...continue 12Government of New South Wales, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, ...continue 13New South Wales Government, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842’, ...continue He was born in the year 1812 at Chelmsford in Essex.14Government of New South Wales, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, ...continue 15New South Wales Government, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842’, ...continue 16Anon., “Died” The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA: 1858-1889) 9 July 1880, p. ...continue
 
At the age of seventeen Joseph was caught poaching. He was a first offender with no prior criminal history having received no education. At the time he was an agricultural labourer.17Government of New South Wales, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, ...continue Despite his lack of a criminal history, his age, and the somewhat trivial nature of the offence; Joseph was convicted of offences against the gaming laws at Essex Assizes on 9 March 1829 and sentenced to seven years transportation.18Home Office, ‘England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892’, Joseph Gates, Lent ...continue 19Home Office, ‘Australian Convict Transportation Registers – Other Fleets & Ships, ...continue 20Home Office, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Settler and Convict Lists, 1787-1834’, Gates ...continue 21New South Wales Government, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842’, ...continue 22Government of New South Wales, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, ...continue The following year, on 3 April 1830, he boarded the Lady Feversham and was transported to the colony of New South Wales, arriving on 29 July 1830. He was eighteen.23Home Office, ‘Australian Convict Transportation Registers – Other Fleets & Ships, ...continue 24Home Office, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Settler and Convict Lists, 1787-1834’, Gates ...continue 25Government of New South Wales, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, ...continue On arrival, he was assigned (‘disposed of’) to John Wilde who lived in Camden, New South Wales, where he worked as a labourer. On contemporary records his religion is recorded as Protestant.26Home Office, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Settler and Convict Lists, 1787-1834’, Gates ...continue 27New South Wales Government, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842’, ...continue
 
While serving his sentence bonded to John Wilde, he met and married fellow convict Agnes McMenamy (1810-1860). Agnes was also known as Nancy during her convict years. Joseph and Nancy (as she was known at that time) were wed at Narellan, New South Wales, on 5 July 1834. This enabled them to remain together until they could obtain their freedom. The consent of the Governor of New South Wales, Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Bourke KCB, was required and obtained. Their residence was stated as Oaks, New South Wales.28Marriage Certificate of Joseph Gates and Nancy McNemany, 21 August 1834, NSW Registry of Births ...continue
29’New South Wales, Australia, Registers of Convicts’ Applications to Marry, ...continue Prior to his marriage, on 30 May 1834, he withdrew his savings of two pounds sterling from the Bank of New South Wales.30Colonial Office and Predecessors, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Convict Savings Bank Books, ...continue
 
Joseph was granted his ticket of leave on 30 May 1838 while Nancy was still a convict. He was described at the time as being five feet ten inches tall with brown hair, brown eyes and a dark ruddy complexion. He had two scars on his left cheek, a scar on his left eyebrow, and a scar on the on the right side of his upper lip. He also had a blue mark on the second finger of his left hand.31He was slightly shorter at the beginning of his sentence, being described as five feet seven and a ...continue 32Government of New South Wales, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, ...continue The blue mark on his hand may have been some kind of tattoo. Convict tattoos were common and often had some form of significance.33Hamish Maxwell Stewart, ‘Terrible treasure: 75 000 convict stories housed in a Hobart ...continue Joseph remained in the area with Nancy (it is unclear how or if they were cohabitating) and, at some point after being granted his freedom, became a farmer.34Sydney Diocesan Archives, ‘Sydney, Australia, Anglican Parish Registers, 1814-2011’, Baptism of ...continue
 
Nancy must have spent some time in the marital bed as their only known child, John Gates (1842-1919), was conceived while Nancy was serving her sentence.35Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, ...continue 36Sydney Diocesan Archives, ‘Sydney, Australia, Anglican Parish Registers, 1814-2011’, Baptism of ...continue She was approximately five months pregnant when granted her ticket of leave on 10 January 1842 and it was around this time that she began to be known as Ann/e.37Government of New South Wales, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Tickets of Leave, ...continue Following the birth and baptism of John the family relocated to Bonney’s Flat, South Australia where John’s birth was registered. By 1860 the family had established themselves at New Tiers where Ann died at the age of 48.38A. L. Cobiac (ed.), South Australian deaths, index of registrations 1842 to 1915, Adelaide, South ...continue
 
By 1862 Joseph may have been cohabitating with Winnifred Carroll (c.1839-1910) . Their daughter, Elizabeth Gates (1862-1931), was born later that year. They were finally wed on 4 March 1864 at St John’s, Adelaide.39A.L. Cobiac (ed.), South Australian marriages, index of registrations 1842 to 1916, Adelaide, South ...continue Joseph and Winifred went on to have at least nine more children:40Other children may exist. Their baptisms or births may not have been recorded or the records may ...continue

  1. Mary Gates Chaplin (1865-1955)
  2. William Gates (1866-1941)
  3. James Gates (1868-1883)
  4. Joseph Gates (1870-1953)
  5. Sarah Gates Wotton (1872-1949)
  6. Martha Gates (1874-1944)
  7. George Gates (1876-1948)
  8. Henry Gates (1878-1962)
  9. Frederick Gates (1880-1955)

 
Joseph died at the age of 68 on 3 July 1880 at home in Carey Gulley.41Anon., “Died” The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA: 1858-1889) 9 July 1880, p. ...continue His death was recorded as taking place at Bonney’s Flat.42South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society and Macbeth Genealogical Services, South Australian ...continue His burial record has not survived.
 
The sale of his estate was advertised after the death of his widow, Winnifred. It detailed the contents of 130 acres of land ‘between Ambleside and Uraidla’; this was presumably his home at Carey Gully. Most of the land was thickly timbered. It is unclear how much of this property was developed in 1880. In 1911, when the property was up for sale, fourteen acres were under cultivation and the property contained ‘about 1,000 assorted fruit trees, house, stables &c’.43Anon., “Properties for Sale”, The Register (Adelaide, SA: 1901-1929) 1 June 1911, p. 9, ...continue
 
If Joseph’s estate was as described in 1880 it was an extraordinary achievement and legacy. He was a young lad who was transported for a petty crime from his home in Chelmsford, who spent seven years as a convict in New South Wales, and who travelled a considerable distance to create a home in the fledgling (and failing) colony of South Australia. He began his adulthood as an incarcerated criminal and ended it as a farmer, landowner and the head of a large family.
 
To be continued…44This is a work in progress. Citations and family links are being batch-added to profiles.
 


External links
 
Joseph Gates at FamilySearch45The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ‘Joseph Gates’, FamilySearch, n.d., ...continue


References   [ + ]

1, 12, 14, 17, 22, 25, 32. Government of New South Wales, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, 1810-1814, 1827-1867’, Certificate of Freedom of Joseph alias Thomas Gates, 30 May 1838, Picton, New South Wales, Australia; digital image, Ancestry.com; State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia; Number: 38/464, https://search.ancestry.com.au/search/db.aspx?dbid=1689, accessed 12 January 2018.
2, 8, 16, 41. Anon., “Died” The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA: 1858-1889) 9 July 1880, p. 4, c. 6, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article30803959, accessed 4 April 2019.
3, 28. Marriage Certificate of Joseph Gates and Nancy McNemany, 21 August 1834, NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 18/1355.
4, 13, 15, 21, 27. New South Wales Government, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842’, Gates Joseph alias Thomas, New South Wales, Australia; digital image, Ancestry.com; State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia; Series: NRS 12188, Item: [4/4015], Microfiche: 676, Page: 114, Line: 7, https://search.ancestry.com.au/search/db.aspx?dbid=2024, accessed 12 January 2018.
5, 29. ’New South Wales, Australia, Registers of Convicts’ Applications to Marry, 1826-1851′, Joseph Gates alias Thomas and Agnes or Nancy McMenamy, 5 July 1834, New South Wales, Australia; digital image, Ancestry.com; State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia; Series: 12212, Item: 4/4512, p.138, no.224,https://search.ancestry.com.au/search/db.aspx?dbid=1504, accessed 12 January 2018.
6, 9, 39. A.L. Cobiac (ed.), South Australian marriages, index of registrations 1842 to 1916, Adelaide, South Australia, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, 2001, p.647.
7, 42. South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society and Macbeth Genealogical Services, South Australian deaths: registrations 1842 to 1915, CD-ROM, Adelaide, South Australia, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society and Hampton, Victoria, Macbeth Genealogical Services Pty Ltd, 2000.
10, 18. Home Office, ‘England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892’, Joseph Gates, Lent Assizes 1829, Essex, England; digital image, Ancestry.com; The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England; Class: HO 27, Piece: 37, p.176, Line: 2, https://search.ancestry.com.au/search/db.aspx?dbid=1590, accessed 12 January 2018.
11, 19, 23. Home Office, ‘Australian Convict Transportation Registers – Other Fleets & Ships, 1791-1868’, Lady Feversham, 180, NSW, 3 April 1830; digital image, Ancestry.com; The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England; Class: HO 11, Piece: 7, Page: 152, Line: 12, https://search.ancestry.com.au/search/db.aspx?dbid=1180, accessed 2 July 2018.
20, 24, 26. Home Office, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Settler and Convict Lists, 1787-1834’, Gates Jos. alias Thomas, n.d., Camden, New South Wales, Australia; digital image, Ancestry.com; The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England; The National Archives Microfilm Publication HO10, Piece: 29, Page: 77, Number: 3799, https://search.ancestry.com.au/search/db.aspx?dbid=1183, accessed 12 January 2018.
30. Colonial Office and Predecessors, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Convict Savings Bank Books, 1824-1886’, Joseph Gates, 5 August 1830, Savings Bank of New South Wales, New South Wales, Australia; digital image, Ancestry.com; The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England; CO 207/5, Page: 18, Line: 3, https://search.ancestry.com.au/search/db.aspx?dbid=1245, accessed 12 January 2018.
31. He was slightly shorter at the beginning of his sentence, being described as five feet seven and a half inches tall: New South Wales Government, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842’, Gates Joseph alias Thomas, New South Wales, Australia; digital image, Ancestry.com; State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia; Series: NRS 12188, Item: [4/4015], Microfiche: 676, Page: 114, Line: 7, https://search.ancestry.com.au/search/db.aspx?dbid=2024, accessed 12 January 2018.
33. Hamish Maxwell Stewart, ‘Terrible treasure: 75 000 convict stories housed in a Hobart basement’, podcast, Conversations, presented by Richard Fidler, produced by Nicola Harrison, 52min 9sec, June 2017, https://www.abc.net.au/radio/programs/conversations/conversations-hamish-maxwell-stuart-rpt/9764944, accessed 14 July 2018.
34, 36. Sydney Diocesan Archives, ‘Sydney, Australia, Anglican Parish Registers, 1814-2011’, Baptism of John Gates, 22 June 1842, Stonequarry, Camden, New South Wales, Australia; digital image, Ancestry.com; Anglican Church, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Page: 3, Number: 33, https://search.ancestry.com.au/search/db.aspx?dbid=61177, accessed 14 September 2018.
35. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, South Australian births: registrations 1842 to 1906, CD-ROM, Adelaide, South Australia, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society and Hampton, Victoria, Macbeth Genealogical Services Pty Ltd, 1998.
37. Government of New South Wales, ‘New South Wales, Australia, Tickets of Leave, 1810-1869’, Ticket of Leave of Agnes alias Nancy McMenamy, 10 January 1842, Picton, New South Wales, Australia; digital image, Ancestry.com; State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia; Series: NRS 12202, Item: [4/4158], No. 42/242, https://www.ancestry.com.au/search/collections/1781/, accessed 4 June 2020.
38. A. L. Cobiac (ed.), South Australian deaths, index of registrations 1842 to 1915, Adelaide, South Australia, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, 2000, p.493.
40. Other children may exist. Their baptisms or births may not have been recorded or the records may not have survived.
43. Anon., “Properties for Sale”, The Register (Adelaide, SA: 1901-1929) 1 June 1911, p. 9, c. 5, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59037934, accessed 14 December 2019.
44. This is a work in progress. Citations and family links are being batch-added to profiles.
45. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ‘Joseph Gates’, FamilySearch, n.d., updated 4 June 2020, https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/L1KL-HVS, accessed 4 June 2020.